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中考2019年必考的英语八大时态介绍之一般过去时

更新时间:2019-01-18

标志:动词过去式


 *闭音节:元音字母a, e, i, o, u如果发字母本来的音则称为开音节,否则称为闭音节。
  1. 表示过去某时所发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示过去的时间状语连用(e.g. yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when …, in the past等)。如:
  Jim rang you just now.
  Liu Ying was in America last year.
  2. 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,特别是used to do表达的句型,本身表示的就是过去常常。如:
  When I was a kid, I often played football in the street.
  She used to visit her mother once a week.
  *注意区分sb. used to do sth.(某人过去常常做某事,此处to是动词不定式标志符号)和sb. be used to sth./doing sth.(某人习惯于某物/做某事,此处to是介词)。
  3. 代替一般现在时,表示一种婉转、客气、礼貌、商量的语气。此用法仅适用于少数动词(如want, hope, wonder, think, intend等)及情态动词could, would。如:
  I wondered if you could have a word with me.
  I hoped you could help me with my English.
  Would you mind my sitting here?
  4. 虚拟语气中用一般过去时表示现在或将来时间的动作或状态。常用句型有:
  It is time that sb. did sth. “某人该做某事了”
  would rather sb. did sth. “宁愿某人做某事”
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