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中考2019年必考的英语八大时态介绍之现在进行时、过去进行时

更新时间:2019-03-15


 现在进行时
  标志:be + 动词的现在分词
  1. 表示说话时正在进行的动作:
  She is writing a letter upstairs.
  Who are you waiting for?
  It is raining hard.
  2. 表示现阶段一直在进行的动作(说话时动作未必正在进行):
  I hear Mr. Green is writing another novel.
  3. 表示反复出现或习惯性的动作,往往包含说话者赞扬、责备、厌恶等情绪,通常与always, constantly, continually, forever等频度副词连用。如:
  John is forever asking silly questions like a stupid.
  He is always thinking of others first.
  4. 表示将来
  1) 表示按计划、安排将要发生的动作,仅适用于部分趋向动词(如go, come, leave, start, arrive等)。如:
  Uncle Wang is coming.
  They're leaving for Beijing.
  2) 在时间和条件状语从句中,现在进行时表示将来某时正在发生的事情。如:
  Please drop in when you are passing my way.
  If he is still sleeping, don’t wake him up.
过去进行时
  标志:was / were + 动词的现在分词
  1. 表示过去某一时刻或一段时间正在进行的动作,过去进行时中常用的时间状语有the whole morning, all day yesterday, from January to March last year等。如:
  I was having a talk with Lucy at that time.
  They were watching TV at home last night.
  2. 表示过去反复出现或习惯性的动作,往往包含说话者赞扬、责备、厌恶等情绪,通常与always, constantly, continually, forever等频度副词连用。如:
  My brother was always losing his keys.
  3. 表示按计划、安排过去某时刻将要发生的动作,仅适用于部分趋向动词(如go, come, leave, start, arrive等)。如:
  He said they were leaving for Beijing this afternoon.
  4. 过去进行时有一个主要用法就是描述一件事情发生的背景(一个长动作延续的时候,另一个短动作发生):
  Granny fell asleep when she was reading.
  It was raining when they left the station.
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