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中考2019年必考的英语八大时态介绍之现在完成时(下)

更新时间:2019-01-18


 5) It is/will be the first/second … time that … 这是第一/二…次…
  It’s the first time (that) I’ve been here.
  It will be the first time (that) I’ve spoken in public.
  It is the second time (that) I have met him today.
  6) This is + 形容词最高级 + that … 这是最…
  This is the best film that I’ve (ever) seen.
  6. 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别
  1) 现在完成时强调对现在的影响和结果,与现在有联系;
  而一般过去时强调这个动作发生的时间是在过去,不涉及对现在的影响。如:
  I have seen this film. (我已经看过了这部电影)
  I saw this film yesterday. (我是昨天看的这部电影)
  2) 现在完成时常与模糊的时间状语连用(如for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till/until, up to now, always等),或者干脆没有时间状语;
  而一般过去时常与具体的时间状语连用(如yesterday, last night, …ago, in 1980, in February等)。
  3) 现在完成时表示持续时一般使用延续性动词(如live, teach, work, know等);
  而一般过去时常使用瞬间动词(如begin, buy, die, marry等)。如:
  He has lived in Hangzhou since last spring.
  My grandfather bought the car five years ago.
  7. 易错点辨析
  1) 考生容易把一些瞬间动词用现在完成时表达,这是错误的。如:
  (×) He has died for two years. 他死了两年了。
  (√) He has been dead for two years.
  (√) He died two years ago.
  (×) The film has begun for 10 minutes. 电影开演十分钟了。
  (√) The film has been on for 10 minutes.
  (√) The film began 10 minutes ago.
  (×) She has married for three years. 她结婚有三年了。
  (√) She has been married for three years.
  (√) She married Mike three years ago.
  2) 考生不懂如何区分have been to和have gone to,尽管两者均可后接地点,但have been to表示去过某地(现在已经回来了),have gone to表示到某地去了(现在还没回来)。如:
  She has been to Paris (three times).
  She has gone to Paris.
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