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中考2019年必考的英语八大时态介绍之过去将来时、过去进行时

更新时间:2019-06-18


过去将来时
 标志:would + 动词原形
  1. 表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的动作或存在的状态,一般用于主句为过去时的宾语从句中。如:
  He said he would come here next Friday.
  I knew that he would help us when we were in trouble.
  2. 表示过去的动作习惯或倾向:
  The old man would sit on a bench in the quite park for hours without doing anything.
  When I worked on that farm, I would get up at 5 am.
  3. 用于虚拟语气中:
  If I were you, I would not do that.
  If he were here, he would show us how to do it.
  4. 过去将来时的其他形式
  1) was / were going to + 动词原形。如:
  He told us that he was going to attend the meeting.
  She said that I was going to be sent to meet her at the railway station.
  2) was / were to + 动词原形。如:
  The building was to be completed next month.
  Li Lei was to arrive soon.
  3) was / were about to + 动词原形。如:
  We were about to leave there when it began to rain heavily and suddenly.
  He was about to have lunch when the bell rang.
 过去进行时
  标志:was / were + 动词的现在分词
  1. 表示过去某一时刻或一段时间正在进行的动作,过去进行时中常用的时间状语有the whole morning, all day yesterday, from January to March last year等。如:
  I was having a talk with Lucy at that time.
  They were watching TV at home last night.
  2. 表示过去反复出现或习惯性的动作,往往包含说话者赞扬、责备、厌恶等情绪,通常与always, constantly, continually, forever等频度副词连用。如:
  My brother was always losing his keys.
  3. 表示按计划、安排过去某时刻将要发生的动作,仅适用于部分趋向动词(如go, come, leave, start, arrive等)。如:
  He said they were leaving for Beijing this afternoon.
  4. 过去进行时有一个主要用法就是描述一件事情发生的背景(一个长动作延续的时候,另一个短动作发生):
  Granny fell asleep when she was reading.
  It was raining when they left the station.
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