中考2018英语知识点:简化宾语从句方法

发表时间:2017-10-28 15:12:35 文章来源:三思教育网 www.srssn.com

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 简化宾语从句方法

  方法一:当主句谓语动词是hope,decide,wish,choose,agree,promise等,且宾语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为不定式结构。例如:

  LiMinghopeshewillbebackverysoon.→LiMinghopestobebackverysoon.

  Wedecidedthatwewouldhelphim.→Wedecidedtohelphim.

  方法二:当主句谓语动词是know,learn,remember,forget,tell等动词,且主句主语与从句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:

  Shehasforgottenhowshecanopenthewindow.→Shehasforgottenhowtoopenthewindow.

  注:当主句谓语动词是tell,ask,show,teach等动词,且后带双宾语,从句主语和间接宾语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:

  CouldyoutellmehowIcangettothestation?→Couldyoutellmehowtogettothestation?

  方法三:当主句的谓语动词是order(命令),require(需要)等时,如果主句和从句的主语不一致,宾语从句可简化为“名词(代词)+不定式”结构。例如:

  Theheadmasterorderedthatweshouldstartatonce.→Theheadmasterorderedustostartatonce.

  方法四:某些动词后的宾语从句,可以用介词加动名词(短语)等其他形式简化。例如:

  Heinsistedthatheshouldgowithus.→Heinsistedongoingwithus.

  Thepoorboydoesn’tknowwhenandwherehewasborn.→Thepoorboydoesn’tknowthetimeandtheplaceofhisbirth.

  方法五:某些动词后面的宾语从句可转化为“宾语+V-ing形式(作宾语补足语)”结构。例如:

  LiuPingfoundthattherewasawalletlyingontheground.→LiuPingfoundawalletlyingontheground.

  方法六:动词seem后的宾语从句,也可以用不定式(短语)来简化,但句型需要进行适当的变化。例如:

  Itseemedthattheboysweregoingtowin.→Theboysseemedtowin.

  除上述方法外,还有一些特殊句式的转化。例如:

  IfoundthatitwasdifficulttolearnEnglishwell.→IfounditdifficulttolearnEnglishwell.

  Soonwefoundthatthegroundwascoveredwiththicksnow.→Soonwefoundthegroundcoveredwiththicksnow.

  Theyfoundthattheboxwasveryheavy.→Theyfoundtheboxveryheavy.


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